What is faecal-oral transmission?
Jackie Knee avatar
Written by Jackie Knee
Updated over a week ago

Faecal-oral transmission refers to the process whereby disease is transmitted via the faeces  of an infected individual, to the mouth of a susceptible individual. This transmission can occur through failures in sanitation systems along the sanitation chain (toilet, containment, conveyance, treatment, end use, and disposal) leading to exposure via various routes including food, water, hands, flies, inanimate objects or surfaces, as illustrated below:

Faecal-oral transmission can be interrupted by water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions.

Want to know more about faecal-oral transmission of COVID-19?

Editor's note

Author: Jackie Knee
Review: Tom Heath, Robert Dreibelbis, Oliver Cumming, Karin Gallandat, Kate Medlicott
Last update: 01.05.2020

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